Use of English exercise from - Upper-Intermediate level

Upper-Intermediate Use of English - Exercise 3: Black Friday

A banked cloze test

Choose the correct words to complete the text. You might have to use some of the words more than once. When you have entered all the answers, click on the "Check answers" button. If you make a mistake, please try again until you get all the answers right.
Black Friday shoppingBlack Friday is the day following Thanksgiving Day in the United States, often regarded (1) the beginning of the Christmas shopping season.
In recent years, (2) major retailers have opened extremely early and offered promotional sales to kick (3) the holiday shopping season, similar (4) Boxing Day sales in many Commonwealth Nations. Black Friday is (5) an official holiday, but many non-retail employees and schools (6) both Thanksgiving and the day after off, followed by a weekend, (7) increasing the number of potential shoppers. It (8) routinely been the busiest shopping day of the year since 2005, although news reports, which (9) that time were inaccurate, have described it (10) the busiest shopping day of the year for a (11) longer period of time.
The day's name originated in Philadelphia, (12) it originally was used to describe the heavy and disruptive pedestrian and vehicle traffic which (13) occur on the day after Thanksgiving. Use of the term started before 1961 and began to see broader use outside Philadelphia around 1975. Later an alternative explanation began to (14) offered: that "Black Friday" indicates the point (15) which retailers begin to turn a profit, or are "(16) the black".
For many years, it was common for retailers to open at 6:00 a.m., (17) in the late 2000s many had crept (18) 5:00 or even 4:00. This was taken (19) a new extreme in 2011, (20) several retailers opened at midnight (21) the first time. In 2012, Walmart and several other retailers announced that they would open (22) of their stores at 8:00 p.m. on Thanksgiving Day (except in states where opening on Thanksgiving (23) prohibited, such as Massachusetts, where they still opened around midnight), prompting calls for a walkout (24) some workers. Black Friday shopping is known (25) attracting aggressive crowds, (26) annual reports of assaults, shootings, and throngs of people trampling on other shoppers (27) an attempt to get the best deal on a product before supplies run (28) .

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Exercise written by Elek Mathe - - last modified on January 14, 2013